Sermon by Keith, 3.1.2020: Mark 10: 17-31
Before I read this morning’s text, I want to go over a couple things. First I want to ask you a question. How many of you have been in a room with a group of people, and then maybe the speaker or the host or even just one of the people in the room says something that changes the entire atmosphere of the room, either for good or bad?
That’s what happened with this text for me when I preached it before, probably about 7 years ago. The text is usually given the title, “The Rich Young Ruler” and the story shows up in Mark, Matthew, and Luke. Matthew tells us he was young and Luke tells us he was a ruler, thus the Rich Young Ruler. I’ll read the text here in just a bit so if you aren’t familiar with it, you soon will be.
When I preached on it before, when I finished and looked up to say, “The word of the Lord,” the atmosphere in the congregation changed. Before reading, there was my congregation, eager to hear a word from the Lord. But when I finished, about half the people in the room had their arms crossed. What’s body language saying when you are talking to someone and they cross their arms? Yeah, I’m not listening to you! And I’ve always wondered how this text has been used, maybe to beat you over the head about your giving.
So, my invitation to you before we read the text is to just listen to it. It is a hard text, but an important one especially since we find it Matthew, Mark, and Luke. But it is also full of grace if we don’t put up walls to keep that grace out.
The second thing I need to let you know is I’m going to read a translation from NT Wright that is a little bit different than what you might be used to hearing but I believe it gets closer to understanding the first century Jewish worldview and I’ll explain why I use his translation as we get into the sermon.
Are we ready? Arms loose, relaxed, hearts and minds open. Here we go. (Read text).
Most of us have had a moment in our lives where everything changed and how you responded to and looked at the world was forever altered. Maybe for you it was when you moved out of your parents’ house, or when you got married, or maybe even divorced. For our country, one of those turning points was 9/11. How we viewed our nation and our place in the world was drastically changed. And I’d even argue that the Second World War changed the trajectory that the entire globe was on, it literally tore a hole in world. Everything was different, different governments and societal structures, different hopes and needs, and different possibilities and dangers.
For the first century Jew, there were two events that changed how they viewed themselves in the world. The first one was in the past: the Passover event that led to the people leaving slavery in Egypt. The second was actually an event that hadn’t happened yet. Something would happen, they believed, that would make everything different. A great event would occur which would bring justice and peace, freedom for Israel, punishment for evildoers, a time of prosperity when all the prophesies would be fulfilled, all the righteous dead would be raised to new life, all the world would burst out into a new and endless spring.
That future day had an impact on the everyday of the typical Jewish person at the time of Christ. Their way of talking about all this was to distinguish between the Present Age and what was referred to as the Age to Come. The Present Age, their current time, was full of sin and injustice, lying and oppression. Good people were suffering while wicked people got away with wickedness. But in the Age to Come, that would all be changed.
So the question pressing on any Jew who believed this was, can I be sure that I will be one of those who will inherit the Age to Come, and, if so, how? This is the question this man who stops Jesus wants answered.
Now, many a translation puts his question as, “How do I inherit eternal life?” A long Christian tradition has assumed that he wanted to know how he could be sure he was going to heaven when he died, but that wasn’t how the man in the story would have put it.
The word that we often translate ‘eternal’ comes from a word which means ‘belonging to the Age.’ In this Coming Age, God was going to make the whole world a new place; when that happened, it wasn’t about escaping this reality. You wouldn’t want to be away in heaven but here on earth to enjoy the great blessing God was giving in re-created reality.
This understanding changes how we read Jesus’ words, “You will have treasure in heaven.” Jesus doesn’t mean that this man must go to heaven to get his treasure; Jesus means that God will keep it stored up for him until the time when, in the Age to Come, all is revealed. The reason you have money in the bank is not so you can spend it in the bank but so that you can take it out and spend it somewhere else. The reason you have treasure in heaven, God’s storehouse, is so that you can enjoy the Age to Come when God brings heaven and earth together at last. So it isn’t about escaping this world, it is about bountiful living in the next, recreated world and enjoying God’s blessing to its fullest.
Now, other groups had answered had answers for this rich, young ruler’s question. For the Pharisee who worked with the common people in the village synagogues to the Essenes who had isolated themselves in the desert, to inherit the Age to Come meant living out their own detailed interpretation of the Jewish law. More importantly, you had to join their group. If you were in with the right group, you would be on the right side of the blessings of the Age to Come.
So, you could look at the man’s question not as “How do I inherit the Age to Come?” but more like, “Jesus, just what sort of movement might you be leading?” He wants to make sure he has his ducks in row and in the right group to get the most of the Age to Come.
Jesus’ reply must have puzzled this young man greatly. All he did was to restate the basic commandments from the Ten Commandments which every Jew knew well. Or at least some of them. Notice which ones he misses. He starts the list with numbers 6-9, murder, adultery, theft, perjury. Adds an extra one with ‘don’t defraud.’ and then goes back to number 5 about honoring your parents. He omits number 1 to 4, putting God first, no idols, not taking God’s name in vain, and the Sabbath and also number 10 about covetousness.
Now, watch how the rest of the conversation comes round the back with a fresh twist on all the commandments (except Sabbath keeping). Jesus’ basic demand is not for some logic-chopping extra observance, some tightening of a definition here, some tweaking of a meaning there. No: It is for idols and covetousness to be thrown to the winds. Sell it all and give to the poor!
And it is for a radical rethink on what putting God first, and not taking his name in vain, might mean: Why do you call me good? No one is good but God; come and follow me.
Jesus’ new movement is indeed a radical revision of what it means to be God’s people, to follow the Law of Moses. Because he, Jesus, is here, a whole new world opens up: The Age to Come is not now simply in the future, though it is that, too. It is bursting through into the present, like a baby chick so keen to be born that it’s already sticking its beak through the shell ahead of the right time. Every time that you hear Jesus talking about the Kingdom of God, he’s talking about that future reality of the Age to Come being pulled into the here and now so we can experience it today.
The discussion that follows the rich man’s sad departure reflects the disciples’ shock at being told that wealth won’t buy you a place in the Age to Come. Their surprise only makes sense if we assume that they regarded wealth as a sign of God’s pleasure.
Jesus cuts right through that surprise. Wealth can be a blessing from God, but if that wealth gets in the way of loving God and neighbor, then it becomes a block to the overwhelming treasures God has in store for us. Riches can no more go or get you into the Age to Come than a camel can go through a needle—a deliberate overstatement. In God’s kingdom now and fully realized in the Age to Come, everything will be upside down and inside out, all things are possible with God, and the first will be last and the last first.
In particular, though, those who have left family and possessions to follow Jesus will receive many more things back in the Present Age—a new and ever-enlarging family of their fellow-disciples, with homes open to them where they go. And yes, persecutions are waiting for them, too. Mark wants to stress that the paradoxical living in the Age to Come now clashes with Present Age. They are at odds with each other.
So, what’s Christ’s invitation to us this first Sunday of Lent?
It is to take his call to follow him seriously. What is it that gets in the way of you following him? Wealth? Power? Status? Even our family or home can become idols that direct our love away from God and neighbor. Take this week as an invitation to open your life to the call of discipleship. Let the Holy Spirit work on you.
Friends, the good news is that that all things are possible with God. God can take those things that hinder us from truly following him and transform them and us into beacons that point to the Age to Come. We open our homes to each other and the stranger. We share, not because of a fear of scarcity, but because of the abundance we have been blessed with. We use our influence to lift others up instead of a continued race to the top of the heap. God’s grace and love are shared in new and multifaceted ways.
All the early Christians came to believe that with Jesus’ death and resurrection the Age to Come had indeed broken fully into the Present Age. The future hope had been pulled into the present reality to be experienced and embraced. That day was a day that everything changed for humanity and all of creation. Nothing has been the same since.
That’s one of the hardest points for us to grasp today about their way of looking at the world and at God. But if we even begin to take it seriously, we’ll see there is nowhere to hide from Jesus’ uncompromising–though cheerful and celebratory and blessing-filled—call to discipleship.
The call “Come on! Follow me!” echoes down through history to us today. We are invited to respond with a cry of “Yes!” with all that we are and with all that we have.